Common Syndrome Types in Young Adults Aged 18–34
The age range of 18–34 is largely considered to be the “young adult” category. Middle-aged adults are considered to fall in the range of 35–55, while older adults are those above the age of 55. And while in the fields of marketing and advertising, the young adult group has been viewed as the age range to target for new products and brands, there is very little that addresses common health syndromes that affect the young adult age group the most.
Considering the wide age range that it covers, the years of 18–34 are marked by several prominent life changes as well as physical, mental, and emotional growth. In terms of mental health, this is also the time of mental health onset among young adults that have severe impacts on the years to come. In fact, an estimated 20% of all adolescents have a diagnosable mental health disorder. These conditions range from mood disorders such as depression and anxiety to autism spectrum disorder as well as personality and behavioral conditions. Among those who are affected, males are at a much higher risk for autism spectrum disorders as well as ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder). Young women, on the other hand, are much more likely to develop depression as well as eating disorders.
In addition to mental health, young adults are said to be at a much higher risk of developing a few other conditions, and there is a list below with a brief explanation of each.
Hypertension/High Blood Pressure
Approximately one out of every five young adults aged 24–34 is said to suffer from hypertension, which is a fancy medical term for high blood pressure. It is important to regularly check blood pressure as increased levels can cause heart disease or even stroke, and heart disease is one of the leading causes of death among Americans. The best advice to keep high blood pressure at bay? Try to maintain a diet that is low in saturated fats and salt. Also, stay active, exercise, and sweat! Keep that heart of yours pumping!
Millions of individuals suffer from allergies, which are the body’s response to a substance that it believes is harmful. In this case, the immune system overreacts in protecting the body from the “foreign invader,” and this results in the undesired symptoms of an allergy. The best way to find out if you have an allergy is to see your physician who will prescribe allergy tests that can rule out what triggered an allergic response. Some allergic response can be managed by simply avoiding the triggers while others are calmed with medication. Again, it is best to consult with a physician on how to move forward once a diagnosis has been established.
Obesity is defined as having excess weight beyond what is considered an appropriate weight range. The increase in obesity numbers over the last few years is staggering. More children and young adults are obese than ever before. Obesity is dangerous as it can lead to other dangerous health conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, increased blood pressure, and strokes, as well as some forms of cancer. Obesity can greatly affect life quality, too, as it can interfere with overall mobility, which, in turn, can cause depression and dissatisfaction. The best way to manage weight is similar to managing hypertension—a healthy diet and regular exercise.
Inflammation is essentially the body’s response to noxious (harmful) stimuli, which range from chemical, physical, infections, and immune reactions. Any of these injuries trigger an inflammatory response that is marked by the body’s release of a specific fluid that attracts white blood cells. There are two kinds of inflammatory responses: those that are acute (sudden and typically short in duration) and those that are chronic (lasting a long time). There are several causes of inflammation ranging from external and environmental factors to genetic factors.
Asthma is a condition of the respiratory tract. It is marked by a difficulty in breathing, which is caused by the airway muscles spasming and tightening. The airways are obstructed by thickening and swelling as well as mucous. All of these make it very hard to breathe. If properly controlled and managed, asthma is a very small obstruction to a healthy and satisfying lifestyle, which is why a presumed condition should be followed up with a doctor’s visit as soon as possible.
There are several disorders that disrupt sleep, which is vital for survival. Therefore, if sleep is disrupted, as it is because of sleep disorders, this can result in severe consequences. The main sleep disorders are sleep apnea (abnormal breathing during sleep), insomnia (inability to sleep), snoring as well as restless leg syndrome (involuntary jerking of the legs that interferes with sleep). Sleep disorders are manageable, however, which is why it is very important to consult sleep specialists as well as physicians who specialize in sleep in order to address any potential sleep problems.
Diabetes is a condition that is marked by dysfunctional insulin mechanisms in the body. Insulin is a hormone that converts the sugar, starches, and other foods into energy that is needed by the body. Therefore, maintenance of proper insulin levels is necessary in order for the body to have enough energy to function. Two of the main triggers of diabetes are said to be obese as well as not enough exercise. In other words, in order to make sure your chances of diabetes are low, try to maintain a healthy diet together with enough exercise. (We are beginning to sound like a broken record with this advice.)
Proper health management is very important for young adults. This is not only vital to maintaining good health but also because this ensures healthy aging and progress into advanced age.